Fuel Cells

A fuel cell directly converts chemical energy from a fuel to electrical energy. Essentially, an electrical current is produced while hydrogen and oxygen ions meet through an electrolyte and combine to form water. The conversion is more efficient and cleaner than combustion.

Although this process is quite simple, the variety of materials and shapes of fuel cells, as well as the total system of preparing the fuel, managing the waste, and harnessing and distributing the resulting power, can be mathematically complicated. Multiple scales in both time and space occur in fuel cells.

Many existing mathematical investigations of fuel cells focus on the structure of the fuel cell itself, effectiveness of certain materials, efficiency of power production, and water management, but there is still much more to learn. In particular, the study of fuel cell degradation over long periods of use is of present interest.

Here are some informal essays about fuel cell technology:

2018 Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium

In October 2018, a medley of representatives from companies, universities, and government organizations met to share state-of-the-art developments in fuel cell manufacturing and technology and to network for new business and research partners. See a summary here:
2018 Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium

Why Shouldn’t Ohio Be the Second State to Have Fuel Cell Cars?

In the U.S., California is currently (April 2018) the only state where fuel cell cars are available to the public. Not many people would set Ohio in the same category as California. However, I believe it’s not inconceivable that fuel cell cars could come to Ohio next:
Why shouldn’t Ohio be second?